|Fruitless and wasteful expenditure||
Expenditure which was made in vain and would have been avoided had reasonable care been exercised. (Source: Public Finance Management Act of1999 and Local Government: Municipal Finance Management Act of 2003).
Misrepresentation of the facts in order to influence the tender process or the award of a contract arising from a tender offer to the detriment of the employer, including collusive practices intended to establish prices at artificial levels, or the administration of the contract including compensation procedures. (Source: ISO 10845-1: Construction procurement- Part 1: processes, methods and procedures).
Agreement between an employer and one or more contractors, the purpose of which is to establish the terms governing contracts to be awarded during a given period, in particular with regard to price and, where appropriate, the quantity envisaged. (Source: ISO 10845-1: Construction procurement- Part 1: processes, methods and procedures).
International Federation of Consulting Engineers (Federation Internationale des IngenieursConseils (French))
A complex comprising many assets (e.g. a hospital, water treatment plant, recreation complex, etc.) which represents a single management unit for management (financial, operational, maintenance, etc.) or other purposes. (Source: International Infrastructure Management Manual – Ver. 3.0 2006).
Is an interdisciplinary field primarily devoted to the day to day operations, maintenance and care of buildings, such as hospitals, schools, universities, office complexes resorts, sport complexes, convention centers etc.. Duties may include the care of air conditioning, electric power, plumbing and lighting systems. cleaning. decoration. grounds keeping and security. Some or all of these duties can be assisted by computer programs. These duties can be thought of as non-core or support services, because they are not the primary business (taken in the broadest sense of the word) of the owner organization. (Source: IDM Toolkit).